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THE EXORCIST (1973) William Friedkin, filming locations
The Exorcist (1973)
When a teenage girl is possessed by a mysterious entity, her mother seeks the help of two priests to save her daughter.
Director: William Friedkin.
Writers: William Peter Blatty (written for the screen by), William Peter Blatty (novel).
Stars: Ellen Burstyn, Max von Sydow, Linda Blair.
Massively hyped on release, with audiences fainting and vomiting, medics on standby at cinema exits, fundamentalist Christians picketing – the kind of publicity money can’t buy. Only the most cynical would suggest any of this was staged by the studio.
Whatever, The Exorcist set new standards for gross-out horror films. It was praised by the Catholic church and though director William Friedkin touted the film as “a deeply spiritual experience”, he dumped author William Peter Blatty’s flaky ‘Thousand Points of Light’ ending, with souls twinkling in Heaven. Good move.
The opening scene, of Father Merrin (Ingmar Bergman regular Max Von Sydow) confronting the demon Pazuzu, is pre-Saddam Hussein Iraq. The location states ‘Northern Iraq’, and indeed it is. The ruins being excavated are the temple complex at Hatra (Al-Hadr), a fortified city located in Upper Mesopotamia, about 50 miles southwest of Mosul.
The town where Father Merrin gets taken ill is Hatra itself. The ruins are Iraq’s only UNESCO World Heritage site and, despite looting of treasures from museums, has seemingly remained undamaged by the conflict of the past few years and retains the potential to be Iraq’s premier tourist attraction some day in the future.
Film actress Chris MacNeil (Ellen Burstyn, playing a character supposedly based on multi-reincarnated Shirley MacLaine) is making a student-protest movie on the campus of Georgetown University, Washington DC – author Blatty’s alma mater. It’s on this campus that the Dahlgren Chapel is obscenely desecrated.
Father Karras (Jason Miller) visits his sick mother in New York’s Goldwater Memorial Hospital on Roosevelt Island in the East River (for a long time the site of madhouses and prisons – it was here Mae West served her eight day sentence in the 1930s for appearing in her play Sex). The hospital, also a major setting for John Boorman’s very different Exorcist II: The Heretic, closed in 2013 and is being demolished to make way for Cornell University’s new graduate school of technology.
The aerial tramway that takes you to Roosevelt Island is featured in City Slickers and hijacked by the Green Goblin in Spider-Man.
The bar is just across the road from Regan’s house: it’s The Tombs, 1226 36th Street NW. This was also the inspiration for the bar in Joel Schumacher’s 80s bratpack classic St Elmo’s Fire (though that film was shot elsewhere in Georgetown).
The possessed house itself stands at 3600 Prospect Street at 36th Street NW, close to the Potomac River in Georgetown, southwest Washington DC, but it’s not quite as seen in the movie. You won’t be able to spot the window of Regan’s room, from which the ominous shaft of light floods in the poster image. This wing of the house was no more than a false front built for the movie.
You can, though, find the flight of steps down which Father Karras finally hurtles, alongside the house, leading down from Prospect Street to M Street.
The complex interior set, with moving walls and refrigeration, was built at the Ceco Studios (now called Cameramart), 450 West 54th Street between 9th and 10th Avenues in New York.
The Exorcist (1973) Movie Location
Father Dyer is played by William O’Malley, an actual priest who until 2012 taught at Fordham Prep, a Jesuit high school.
The first horror film to be nominated for Best Picture Academy Award. The four films that would follow are Jaws (1975), The Silence of the Lambs (1991), The Sixth Sense (1999), and Black Swan (2010).
The scene where Regan projectile vomits at Father Karras only required one take. The vomit was intended to hit him on the chest. Instead, the plastic tubing that sprayed the vomit accidentally misfired, hitting him in the face. The look of shock and disgust while wiping away the vomit is genuine. Actor Jason Miller, (Father Karras), admitted in an interview that he was very angered by this mistake.
On the first day of filming the exorcism sequence, Linda Blair’s delivery of her foul-mouthed dialogue so disturbed the gentlemanly Max von Sydow that he actually forgot his lines.
Due to death threats against Linda Blair from religious zealots who believed the film "glorified Satan", Warner Bros. had bodyguards protecting her for six months after the film’s release.
The contortionist Linda R. Hager was hired to perform the famous "spider walk" scene, which was filmed on April 11, 1973. Ms. Hager was able to perform the scene by use of a harness and flying wires hung above the staircase used in the set; she would advise Friedkin when she was just barely touching the stairs with her hands and feet; and then she maintained that light touch as she was moved down the staircase by the harness and wires. William Friedkin deleted the scene before the film’s December release. He felt it was "too much" of an effect because it appeared so early in the film. He later admitted that another reason for omitting the scene was that there was no way to hide the wires from view at the time. Almost 30 years later, Friedkin changed his mind and added the scene back for the extended 2000 version, with the wires digitally removed.
William O’Malley has told students that the movie is approximately 80% true. He claims the big discrepancies between the movie and reality were: it was a boy who was possessed, not a girl; the possession did not occur in Georgetown, DC, but outside the city in Maryland; and the color of the "pea-soup vomit" was not green. He claims most everything else in the movie did actually occur.
Actress Mercedes McCambridge, who provided the voice of the demon, insisted on swallowing raw eggs and chain smoking to alter her vocalizations. Furthermore, the actress who had problems with alcohol abuse in the past, wanted to drink whiskey as she knew alcohol would distort her voice even more, and create the crazed state of mind of the character. As she was giving up sobriety, she insisted that her priest be present to counsel her during the recording process. At William Friedkin’s direction, McCambridge was also bound to a chair with pieces of a torn sheet at her neck, arms, wrists, legs and feet to get a more realistic sound of the demon struggling against its restraints. McCambridge later recalled the experience as one of horrific rage, while Friedkin admitted that her performance–as well as the extremes which the actress put herself through to gain authenticity–terrifies the director to this day.
This is Warner Brothers’ highest grossing film of all time when adjusted for inflation.
Upon its initial theatrical release the film affected many audiences so strongly that at many theaters, paramedics were called to treat people who fainted and others who went into hysterics.
Linda Blair received her Best Supporting Actress Oscar nomination before it was widely known that previous Supporting Actress winner Mercedes McCambridge had actually provided the voice of the demon. By Academy rules once Blair was given the nomination it could not be withdrawn, but the controversy about Blair being given credit for another actress’ work ruined her chances of winning the award.
Producers sought to have Jamie Lee Curtis audition for the role of Regan MacNeil but her mother Janet Leigh refused.
The archaeological dig site seen at the beginning of the movie is the actual site of ancient Nineveh in Hatra, Iraq.
If adjusted for inflation, this would be the top grossing R-rated film of all time.
According to William Friedkin, the subliminal shots of the white faced demon are actually rejected makeup tests for Regan’s possessed appearance.
The bedroom set had to be refrigerated to capture the authentic icy breath of the actors in the exorcising scenes. Linda Blair, who was only in a flimsy nightgown, says to this day she cannot stand being cold.
The original teaser trailer, which consisted of nothing but images of the white-faced demon quickly flashing in and out of darkness, was banned in many theaters, as it was deemed "too frightening".
In the documentary included on the 25th Anniversary Edition, the actors reveal that in many shots it was not necessary to "act", as what was captured on film were genuine reactions. For example, Ellen Burstyn mentions that her scream and facial reaction after being slapped by Regan were due to being pulled too hard by a harness. Linda Blair’s screaming was a reaction to being bounced around on her bed. William O’Malley recalled that William Friedkin slapped him prior to shooting and this caused his hand to tremble while blessing Father Karras.
In an interview, Jason Miller stated that he had a major verbal confrontation with William Friedkin after the director fired a gun near his ear to get an authentic reaction from him. He told Friedkin that he is an actor, and that he didn’t need a gun to act surprised or startled.
In order to make Max von Sydow appear much older than his then age of 44, make-up maestro Dick Smith applied generous amounts of stipple to von Sydow’s forehead, eyes and neck. His facial skin was then manually stretched as liquid latex was applied. When the latex dried, his taut skin was then released causing the film of rubber to corrugate. This daily make-up procedure lasted three hours and was apparently the cause of much anguish for von Sydow.
Author William Peter Blatty once won ,000 on the Groucho Marx show You Bet Your Life (1950). When Groucho asked what he planned to do with the money, he said he planned to take some time off to "work on a novel." This was the result.
One of the most famous scenes in the movie and the shot used for the posters and the cover of the DVD/VHS releases was inspired by the 1954 painting "Empire of Light" ("L’Empire des lumières") by René Magritte. It is the scene where Fr. Merrin steps out of a cab and stands in front of the MacNeil residence bathed in an eerie glow.
Director William Friedkin went to some extraordinary lengths to get realistic reactions from the cast. He fired off guns behind the actors to get the required startled effect. When Father Dyer is attempting to administer last rites to Father Karris, Friedkin was not satisfied after several takes. He took William O’Malley aside and asked, "Do you trust me?" O’Malley said yes just in time to get slapped across the face. Friedkin immediately said, "Action!" and the result is in the film. He even went so far as to put Linda Blair and Ellen Burstyn in harnesses and have crew members yank them violently.
In A Decade Under the Influence (2003), William Friedkin talks about the original poster that the studio created for the film. It was a drawing of Regan’s hand holding the bloody crucifix that she masturbates with. The original tag line was "God help this girl". Friedkin rejected the poster, stating that the word "God" should not be used in a movie tag line.
The studio wanted Marlon Brando for the role of Father Merrin. William Friedkin immediately vetoed this by stating that with Brando in the film it would become a Brando movie instead of the important film he wanted to make.
The first medical test Regan is shown having is called a Pneumoencephalograph. It involves first performing a spinal tap to drain some of the patient’s cerebrospinal fluid, after which a long, thin needle used to inject dye or another chemical is placed into the carotid artery. This maps out all the blood vessels of the brain, allowing for quick location of certain brain conditions. Many viewers found this scene to be more disturbing then any scenes showing the possessed Regan.
Jack Nicholson was up for the part of Father Karras, before Jason Miller landed the role.
William Friedkin had to take an all-British crew to film in Iraq because the US had no diplomatic relations with Iraq at that time. They were allowed to film on conditions that included teaching Iraqi filmmakers advanced film techniques as well as how to make fake blood.
Upon its 1973 release in the Middle East, the film was shown only in Lebanon while in the rest of the Middle East, the film was banned. On its re-release, the film got banned throughout the whole Middle East including Lebanon.
Mercedes McCambridge had to sue Warner Brothers for credit as the voice of the demon. William Friedkin, on the Diane Riehm Show (NPR, 29 April 2012) said that originally she didn’t want a credit, saying that she wanted the audience to believe the voice was Regan’s. However, after it was released she changed her mind, and was given the credit.
In the scene where the words "help me" arise out of Regan’s torso, the effect was achieved by constructing a foam latex replica of actress Linda Blair’s belly, writing the words out with a paint brush and cleaning fluid, then filming the words as they formed from the chemical reaction. Special effects artist Dick Smith then heated the forming blisters with a blow dryer, causing them to deflate. When the film was run backwards, it appeared as though the words were rising out of young Regan’s skin in an attempt to summon intervention.
Ellen Burstyn agreed to doing the movie only if her character didn’t have to say the scripted line: "I believe in the devil!" The producers agreed to eliminate the utterance.
The substance that the possessed Regan (Linda Blair) hurls at Father Damien Karras (Jason Miller) is thick pea soup. Specifically, it’s Andersen’s brand pea soup. The crew tried Campbell’s but didn’t like the "effect."
When originally released in the UK a number of town councils imposed a complete ban on the showing of the film. This led to the bizarre spectacle of "Exorcist Bus Trips" where enterprising travel companies organised buses to take groups to the nearest town where the film was showing.
William Peter Blatty based his novel on a supposedly genuine exorcism from 1949, which was partially performed in both Cottage City, Maryland, and Bel-Nor, Missouri. Several area newspapers reported on a speech a minister gave to an amateur parapsychology society, in which he claimed to have exorcised a demon from a 13-year-old boy named Robbie, and that the ordeal lasted a little more than six weeks. Robbie was born June 1, 1935, resided at 3807 40th Avenue in Cottage City, MD, and was a member of St. James Parish. He entered the seventh grade at Bladensburg Junior High in the fall of 1947, and was removed in the middle of his eighth grade year on January 15, 1949. He had experiences that ended on April 19, 1949. He re-enrolled in the eighth grade at Bladensburg Junior High for the 1949-50 school year, then spent from the fall of 1950 until June 1954 at Gonzaga High School in Washington, DC.
Director William Friedkin eventually asked technical advisor Thomas Bermingham to exorcise the set. He refused, saying an exorcism might increase anxiety. Rev. Bermingham wound up visiting the set and gave a blessing and talk to reassure the cast and crew.
During the session where Karras is recording his interactions with Regan, he asks the demon its name (in Latin) and the demon responds with what would could be considered a witticism on its part: "La plume de ma tante" (literally, "The pen of my aunt"). This is a attributed to elementary French language instruction and used in the early 20th century as an example of a grammatically correct phrase taught despite limited practical use. LIFE Magazine in 1958 described it as: "…the most idiotically useless phrase in a beginner’s French textbook." In popular culture, the phrase can be used metaphorically to refer to something irrelevant. In this instance, it could be interpreted as the demon telling Karras in a roundabout way that its name is irrelevant – a common motif in stories of Godly agents fighting evil spirits.
The agency representing Linda Blair overlooked her, recommending at least 30 other clients for the part of Regan. Blair’s mother brought her in herself to try out for the role.
In the documentary "Fear of God", William Friedkin states that the studio execs would come up on a weekly basis to have a look at the shooting progress. They shook their heads continuously, believing that the movie was total ridiculousness.
William O’Malley refers to this movie to students as the "pornographic horror film" he once did.
The refrigerated bedroom set was cooled with four air conditioners and temperatures would plunge below 30 degrees. It was so cold that perspiration would freeze on some of the cast and crew. On one occasion the air was saturated with moisture resulting in a thin layer of snow falling on the set before the crew arrived for filming.
There are tales about ominous events surrounding the year-long shoot, including the deaths of nine people associated with the production and stories about a mysterious fire that destroyed the set one weekend. Actors Jack MacGowran and Vasiliki Maliaros died before the film was released.
Ellen Burstyn received a permanent spinal injury during filming. In the sequence where she is thrown away from her possessed daughter, a harness jerked her hard away from the bed. She fell on her coccyx and screamed in pain.
A filmgoer who saw the movie in 1974 during its original release fainted and broke his jaw on the seat in front of him. He then sued Warner Brothers and the filmmakers, claiming that the use of subliminal imagery in the film had caused him to pass out. The studio settled out of court for an undisclosed sum.
There were originally many very brief "blink and you’ll miss them" cutaway shots in the 1973 release film, intended to create unease in the viewer. For instance: when the priest is dreaming of his mother coming up out of the subway, there is a brief cutaway of a face (Eileen Dietz), painted black and white, grimacing. There are two other places where this image is displayed: when Regan, lying on the bed, turns to look at Father Merrin and Father Karras, and just after the head-turning scene. In the "The Version You’ve Never Seen", the same image is superimposed over other scenes in the film: the first can be seen on the hood of the stove when Chris MacNeil has just returned home from speaking with the doctors and the lights go out in the kitchen; the next image can be seen in the scene directly following the former, on the inside door of Regan’s bedroom when Chris MacNeil goes to check on her after realizing that Sharon wasn’t present in the house. The statue of "Pazuzu" (encountered by Father Merrin) can clearly been seen in the background during the exorcism in the original film. The face of the statue is also imposed onto Regan’s bedroom door in "The Version You’ve Never Seen".
In the scene in the language lab, a white banner is visible with the following letters TASUKETE written in red. TASUKETE means "Help me" in Japanese.
Although Mercedes McCambridge provided Pazuzu’s lines from the moment when Karras confronts the possessed Regan for the first time up until the final confrontation, Linda Blair and Ron Faber also provided lines for Pazuzu. Blair’s voice can be heard when the possessed Regan screams "Fuck me!" in a raspy, high-pitched voice. Faber provided two lines in this same scene, but he also recorded Pazuzu’s lines during the entire "demonic head-spin" scene and he also provided a growl in the sequence where Karras is possessed by the demon.
William Friedkin was supposed to attend a dinner the night he received William Peter Blatty’s screenplay. Out of curiosity, he started reading the first few pages and ended up missing his dinner engagement completely.
The actual residence in Georgetown that is used for the exterior shots has a rather large yard between it and the infamous steps. The window that leads to Regan’s room is at least 40 feet from the top of the steps. This distance would make it impossible for anyone "thrown" from the window to actually land on the steps. In the movie, set decorators added a false wing to the house, so that Regan’s supposed window would in fact be close to the infamous steps.
The "spider-walk" sequence, which was cut from the original version, was reworked for Ruby (1977) and other low-budget films.
In the disturbing scene where Regan is masturbating with the crucifix, Eileen Dietz was used for the shot where Regan belts her mother across the face. William Friedkin felt they needed someone with more heft physically to perform the stunt, and the double was shot from the back. The crucifix scene was filmed with Dietz, according to an interview with her in the documentary "Starz Inside: Fantastic Flesh: The Art of Make-Up Effects".
According to William Peter Blatty, Warner Bros. wanted to change the title of the film after taking a survey which found none of the participants knew what an exorcist was.
Linda Blair injured her back when a piece of the rig broke as she was thrown about on the bed.
Christian evangelist Billy Graham claimed an actual demon was living in the celluloid reels of this movie.
The demon mask used in the movie Onibaba (1964) inspired William Friedkin to use a similar design for the makeup in subliminal shots of a white-faced demon.
In one scene, the Jesuit president of Georgetown University (Thomas Bermingham) mentions that Father Merrin (Max von Sydow) is at "Woodstock". Audiences may think the reference is to the famous music festival that took place upstate New York in 1969. In fact, the Woodstock in the film is actually Woodstock College, a Jesuit seminary in Woodstock, Maryland. Opened in 1869, the seminary closed one year after "The Exorcist" was released. The Woodstock Theological Center, a nonprofit Catholic theological research institute on the Georgetown campus, succeeded the college and remains operational today.
Lalo Schifrin’s score was rejected (see also The Amityville Horror (1979)). William Friedkin later said that had he heard the music of Tangerine Dream (who scored his later film Wages of Fear (1977)) earlier, he would have had them score this film (from the "Sorcerer" soundtrack liner notes). Friedkin actually hated the music so much that he yelled for the orchestra to stop playing, removed the reels that had been recording the music from the sound desk, and promptly threw the reels into the streets, all in front of Lalo and his wife.
During the scene where Father Karras visits Chris MacNeil as she’s ironing, the infamous Ivory Snow box featuring porn star Marilyn Chambers can be clearly seen in the background.
In a 2007 poll conducted by the UK’s The Times for the Top 50 Scariest Movie Moments, this film topped the list.
On the documentary "Raising Hell: Filming The Exorcist (1973)" included with the 2010 Extended Director’s Cut, author William Peter Blatty reminisces that the supernatural/demonic sequences did not inspire patrons to flee theater, nor were they responsible for nausea in the aisles. The scene in which Regan undergoes carotid angiography, using direct carotid puncture and pneumoencephalography was the moment in the Exorcist which upset theatergoers. This procedure entails cerebrospinal fluid being drained to a small amount from around the brain and replaced with air, oxygen, or helium to allow the structure of the brain to show up more clearly on an X-ray picture.
The original shooting schedule was 85 days, but filming in America lasted for 224 days.
Director George Cukor loudly blasted the film and threatened to resign from the Academy if it won the Best Picture award. The Oscars given to the film was for Best Screenplay and Best Sound.
Gonzalo Gavira was called on to create many of the special sound effects after William Friedkin recalled his work from El Topo (1970). One of the more memorable sounds, the 360-degree turning of Regan’s head, was actually made by taking his old, cracked leather wallet and twisting it back and forth against the microphone.
It was on this film that William Peter Blatty met his wife-to-be, professional tennis champ Linda Tuero (see Linda Blatty). She’d been hired as an extra.
Mercedes McCambridge regurgitated on a mixture of chewed, mushy apple and raw egg to produce the sound effect of Regan’s projectile vomiting.
As advised by a studio executive, Director William Friedkin made several cuts to the movie prior to the release, citing that the scenes were unnecessary. This offended William Peter Blatty, the author of the novel and screenplay whom he had befriended, who thought these scenes formed the heart of the movie. Blatty even refused to speak to Friedkin for some time, but they eventually made amends. Many years later, when the immense popularity of the movie warranted a re-release, Friedkin agreed to re-evaluate some of the deleted scenes and put several of them back as a favor to Blatty, creating an extended "Version You’ve Never Seen". By his own admission, Friedkin tends to see this extended version as his favorite.
The last scenes of the movie to be filmed were the first you see in the movie. The opening sequences in Iraq were shot after other principal filming was completed in the United States.
After filming, William Friedkin brought production to 666 Fifth Avenue.
Though often cited as one of the most shocking scenes in cinema, the crucifix masturbation scene was actually greatly toned down from that of the novel. In the source book, the scene is much longer, gorier and sexually explicit, with Regan suffering a broken nose, butchery of her genitals, and orgasming.
Several scenes were filmed that director William Friedkin would have loved to include in the movie, such as a scene showing Chris and Regan actually visiting some historic landmarks (as Chris suggests they should do in the movie). However, the soundtrack for the scene had gone missing. Another scene showed a possessed Regan slithering over the floor and upsetting several house guests by making obscene gestures with her tongue. The original negative of the scene got lost, and Friedkin refused to use a qualitatively inferior workprint he had of the scene instead.
At one point the search for a young actress capable of playing Regan was so trying that William Friedkin claims he even considered auditioning adult dwarf actors.
Audrey Hepburn was William Friedkin’s first choice to play the role of Chris MacNeil, and Warner Brothers supported him because of her good critical/commercial reputation with the studio, but she only agreed to do it if it was filmed in Rome. Jane Fonda and Shirley MacLaine were also approached. Anne Bancroft was another choice but she was in her first month of pregnancy and was dropped.
Alan Alda was offered a role in this movie, but rejected it because he did not like the book.
Mercedes McCambridge and Linda Blair never met in real life.
The original "Spider Walk" scene showed Regan sticking out a long, snakelike tongue and trying to grab Sharon.
In order to bring some levity to the shoot, William Peter Blatty suggested shooting a scene (not for the movie, but to amuse everyone at the screening of the rushes) in which Father Merrin would enter the house, take off his hat, and reveal himself to be Groucho Marx, a friend of Blatty’s. The parody would even go as far as featuring an appearance from the duck from You Bet Your Life (1950). Groucho was keen to do it, but William Friedkin got sick that day and the idea was abandoned.
To entertain and distract Linda Blair during the long makeup process she had to sit through, the crew set up a television near her makeup chair so she could watch The Beverly Hillbillies (1962).
For the vomiting sequences, Eileen Dietz doubled (uncredited) for Linda Blair, and later sued unsuccessfully for puking credit. Makeup veteran Dick Smith rigged Dietz’s facial contours with sheets of heat-formed plexiglass that were secured at the corners of her mouth and behind her head. A camouflaged nozzle anchored in Dietz’s oral cavity provided the apparatus through which the "vomit" could be forcefully discharged, fed by supply tubes discreetly embedded in the plexiglass on both sides of her face. Such was the complexity of the set-up that Dietz could barely swallow or close her mouth.
John Boorman had been offered the chance to direct, but declined because he felt the storyline was "cruel towards children". He did, however, accept the offer to direct the sequel, Exorcist II: The Heretic (1977).
There were three separate beds built to do three separate movements.
According to Panorama magazine, William Friedkin didn’t give Brooke Shields the part of Regan McNeil because "she was too young for the part". It is known that Shields at the time wasn’t known as an actress prior to the controversy of a similar film: Pretty Baby (1978).
Adjusted for inflation, this would be the 9th highest-grossing movie of all time.
The scenes showing Father Karras in his room at Georgetown were filmed in Fordham University’s freshman residence, Hughes Hall, fourth floor. Hughes was once the site of Fordham Preparatory school. Since there was no elevator at the time, the windows had to be removed in order to accommodate the camera on a crane. Each year, William O’Malley talks about his experience with the movie after students watch it on the same floor where it was filmed.
The Prospect Avenue apartment where the story takes place was once inhabited by the author, William Peter Blatty, while he was a student at Georgetown University. The house was owned by Ms. Florence Mahoney and is at the corner of 36th and Prospect. During shooting of the exterior scenes the crew had to build special sets to allow sunlight in to keep her garden plants from dying.
William Peter Blatty based the character of Chris MacNeil on his good friend Shirley MacLaine. Prior to the 1973 production, MacLaine attempted to have a movie made of Blatty’s novel and interested Lew Grade in backing the project, but the plans fell through.
Brazilian composer Eumir Deodato (famous for his 2001-Also Sprach Zarathustra heard in the movie Being There (1979)) lived in New York City by the time this movie opened, and was informed by friends that a piece of music he composed could be heard on the movie’s soundtrack. He initially dismissed the warning, as he believed they were mistakenly identifying Tubular Bells (also part of the movie’s soundtrack) as a composition of his own. Eventually, to clear this matter, his lawyer attended the movie with a concealed tape recorder. He recorded the whole movie, and played it back to Eumir over the phone, who finally recognized a composition of his own: "Carly and Carole", heard briefly at the party scene. Eumir’s lawyer arranged a meeting with Warner Brother’s legal team and asked for the movie to be pulled from circulation, eventually a compromise was arranged after a non-disclosed sum was paid.
Al Pacino was considered among other young leading men for the role of Father Karras.
While he was writing the novel, William Peter Blatty was collecting unemployment benefits.
Vasiliki Maliaros had never acted in a movie before. She was discovered by William Friedkin in a Greek restaurant. Her only acting experience was in Greek stage dramas. Friedkin selected her because she bore an uncanny resemblance to his own mother and William Peter Blatty felt she resembled his mother, too.
Stanley Kubrick wanted to direct the film, but only if he could produce it himself. As the studio was worried that he would go over budget and over schedule, it eventually settled on Mark Rydell, but William Peter Blatty insisted on William Friedkin instead. After a standoff with the studio, which initially refused to budge over Rydell, Blatty eventually got his way.
According to Variety magazine, it was revealed that Carrie Fisher and her mother Debbie Reynolds were contenders for the roles of Regan and Chris MacNeil.
On the DVD-commentary, William Friedkin says that making this film made him believe in demonic possession.
The statue of "Pazuzu" was accidentally sent to Hong Kong, before arriving on location in Iraq.
The Greek song playing on the radio when Father Karras leaves his mother’s house is called "Paramythaki mou" (My Tale) and is sung by Yannis Kalatzis. Lyric writer Lefteris Papadopoulos has admitted that a few years later when he was in financial difficulties he asked some compensation for the intellectual rights of the song.
Jane Fonda was offered the role of Chris MacNeil but declined it. This was during the Vietnam War, when she was notorious for her outspoken radical opinions, and it was rumored she had called the movie "a bunch of capitalist ripoff bulls***". However, in his book "William Peter Blatty on ‘The Exorcist’ ", the author reported that Fonda visited him personally to tell him the rumor was not true. She told him she had turned down the role because she didn’t believe in fairy tales.
As recounted in Craig Hamrick’s book "Barnabas and Company: The Cast of the TV Classic Dark Shadows (1966)", Denise Nickerson was considered for the role of Regan. Her mother took her out of the running after reading the "crucifix masturbation" scene in the script.
"Entertainment Weekly" and "Maxim" voted this the Scariest Movie of All Time.
Father Merrin’s arrival was filmed on Max von Sydow’s first day of work.
The song that plays on the radio when father Karras enters his mom’s house is "Istoria mou, amartia mou" (My Story, My Sin) by Rita Sakellariou.
Merrin and Karras repeat the famous phase "The Power of Christ compels you!" together 14 times.
Shirley MacLaine turned down the role of Chris Macneill in order to make the similar, though much less successful, The Possession of Joel Delaney (1972).
Linda Blair hated vegetables so much at the time, that the use of the pea soup actually did make her vomit.
Stacy Keach had originally been hired by William Peter Blatty to play the role of Father Karras until William Friedkin spotted Jason Miller in a Broadway play. Despite Miller never having acted in a movie before, Keach’s contract was bought out by Warner Bros. and Miller was cast in the role.
The original novel ended with Kinderman and Dyer talking about Casablanca (1942), whereas, in the extended cut they are talking about "Wuthering Heights."
This was the film in which makeup legend Dick Smith hired Rick Baker as his assistant.
Though never explicitly mentioned, it is implied that Burke may have attempted to rape Reagan when he was alone with her.
The scene wherein Father Merrin asks Chris the child’s middle name was cut for the 1973 release, but there is still the scene where Merrin exorcises Regan and uses her first, middle, and last names.
The language lab scene was filmed in a room in the basement of Keating Hall on Fordham University’s Bronx campus. The same room was used as a Pentagon office in A Beautiful Mind (2001).
The first scene to be shot was of a distressed Karras pacing the corridors of Bellevue psychiatric hospital, agitatedly discussing with his uncle his mother’s incarceration.
Geraldine Page turned down the role of the mother that went to Ellen Burstyn.
One of Lee J. Cobb’s last roles before his death. His character, Lt. Kinderman, was brought back for the final film sequel, The Exorcist III (1990), written and directed by author William Peter Blatty himself. For that film, George C. Scott took over the role. Director William Friedkin appears to have approved the idea, as in 1997 he directed 12 Angry Men (1997), in which Scott played Juror #3, Cobb’s role from 12 Angry Men (1957).
According to William Peter Blatty, director William Friedkin also considered Gene Hackman for the role of Father Karras.
Max von Sydow was always William Friedkin’s first choice to play Father Merrin.
Film debut of Jason Miller. He received an Oscar nomination for his role as Father Karras in this film.
Although the song "Tubular Bells" is popularly referred to as the Exorcist theme, it is only played twice throughout the film. It is played briefly as Chris walks home and while Regan is being examined and filmed at the psychiatric hospital. It is only played again during the end credits.
Dana Plato claimed that she had been offered the role of Regan but her mother Kay had turned it down. In the book "Former Child Stars: The Story of America’s Least Wanted" William Peter Blatty later said that he had "no such recollection" of this actually happening, and that Plato herself may have been the source for this rumor.
The closing theme, "Fantasia for Strings" by Hans Werner Henze, was previously used as incidental music by the composer in his score for Young Torless (1966).
In 1981, the film was released on video by Warner Home Video, as one of their first UK releases. At the time, there was no requirement that videos should be classified by the BBFC so the video was simply released on the strength of its existing ‘X’ certificate. In 1988, after the Video Recording Act was introduced, the video was withdrawn from shelves when the BBFC refused to give it a video classification. It was not until 1999 that it finally received that classification and was re-released for home viewing.
In 1981 the film was released on video by Warner Home Video, as one of its first UK releases. At the time there was no requirement that videos should be classified by the BBFC, so the video was simply released on the strength of its existing "X" certificate. Contrary to popular opinion, the video version was never included on the Director of Public Prosecution’s list of "video nasties" and was never prosecuted for obscenity, testament perhaps to the popularity of the film and the high regard in which it was held. After the Video Recordings Act (VRA) was introduced in 1984 it became necessary for the film to obtain a certificate for video release from the BBFC. The video release was continually delayed on the recommendation of chief censor James Ferman, who advised Warner Brothers against submitting the film for a UK video certificate. A possible 1988 release was also vetoed by Ferman, who cited recent cases of child abuse as the reason. It was finally released on video fully uncut in June 1999, five months after Ferman’s retirement as UK censor.
Despite playing the title role, Max von Sydow had less screen time than the rest of the main cast.
Other directors that Warner had approached included Arthur Penn (who was teaching at Yale), Peter Bogdanovich (who wanted to pursue other projects, subsequently regretting the decision) and Mike Nichols (who didn’t want to shoot a film so dependent on a child’s performance). The studio actually hired Mark Rydell but William Peter Blatty insisted on William Friedkin.
William Friedkin traveled to England to meet with Bernard Herrmann about scoring the film. Herrmann insisted on doing the music in the UK and mailing the tracks to Friedkin. He was swiftly discounted after that. Lalo Schifrin was then appointed but he provided a full orchestral score which was the exact opposite of what William Friedkin had requested. (Friedkin wanted music that would inspire chills and a feeling of dread in the audience.)
Kane Hodder’s favorite film.
When she was working as a model, Kim Basinger auditioned for the role of Regan McNeill.
Laura Dern and Eve Plumb auditioned for the role of Regan McNeil.
With Mark Rydell in active talks to direct, William Peter Blatty urged Warner Brothers executives to watch the just released The French Connection (1971). Blatty had always pushed for William Friedkin to direct and this helped seal the deal.
Montreal Canadiens hat. The Canadiens won the Stanley Cup in June 1973, six months before the release of the film.
In an interview on the January 12, 2007 broadcast of the Mr. KABC radio program it was revealed that actress/comedienne April Winchell was being seriously considered for the part of Regan MacNeil; however, she had developed a serious kidney infection which caused her to be hospitalized and ultimately taken out of consideration.
In one scene, Lt. Kinderman makes a comment that Father Karras looks like Sal Mineo. Lee J. Cobb, who plays Kinderman, previously appeared with Mineo in Exodus (1960).
According to William Friedkin, Paul Newman wanted to portray Father Karras.
Sharon Stone was considered for Regan McNeil.
Melanie Griffith revealed that she auditioned for Regan McNeil.
Alfred Hitchcock turned down the chance to acquire the screen rights to the novel and also turned down the chance to direct the film when another producer bought the rights to the property.
There was only one Spiderwalk and only one stunt woman did it. That actress- stunt woman was Ann Miles. (scene143A) Take 2 The only Spiderwalk ever filmed.
Jill Clayburgh auditioned for the role of Sharon.
A running gag in this movie involves Kinderman asking people if they would want to see a movie with him but the person Kinderman asks tells him that they have already seen the movie that he mentioned.
Popular belief and parodies give the false impression that Regan throws up on the priests during the exorcism, but she only throws up on Karras once when her first meets her alone. She does, however, vomit during the exorcism but slowly onto the bed and Merrin’s stole.
The film cast includes three Oscar winners: Ellen Burstyn, Mercedes McCambridge and William Peter Blatty (cameo uncredited role) and four Oscar nominees: Linda Blair, Max von Sydow, Jason Miller and Lee J. Cobb
Ellen Burstyn was cast after she phoned William Friedkin and emphatically stated she was going to play Chris.
Kay Lenz turned down the role of Regan McNeil because she didn’t like the script. William Friedkin decided she was too old.
Lee Remick, Carol Burnett and Raquel Welch were considered to play Chris McNeil.
Despite the studio’s fears that the Motion Picture Association of America (MPAA) would give the film an X rating, it got an R, with no cuts whatsoever. The MPAA’s decision, according to William Friedkin, was that it was "a brilliant, intelligent film" that deserved to be seen by a wider audience. Regardless, many American cities such as Washington, D.C. and Boston chose to disregard the decision and gave it an X.
Favourite film of Mark Kermode.
Ken Nordine was considered for the demon’s voice, but William Friedkin thought it would be best not to use a man’s voice.
William Friedkin originally intended to use Linda Blair’s voice, electronically deepened and roughened, for the demon’s dialogue. Although Friedkin felt this worked fine in some places, he felt scenes with the demon confronting the two priests lacked the dramatic power required.
Barbra Streisand declined the role of Chris McNeil.
Mike Nichols was offered the chance to direct The Exorcist, but he turned it down.
Parapsychologist and Occult/Supernatural Expert Christopher Chacon was utilized by Warner Brothers to promote the release of the 25th Anniversary Edition.
Pamelyn Ferdin, a veteran of science fiction and supernatural drama, was a candidate for the role of Regan.
April Winchell was considered to play Regan, until she developed pyelonephritis, which caused her to be hospitalized and ultimately taken out of consideration.
Denise Nickerson was considered for Regan, but the material troubled her parents too much, and they pulled her out of consideration.
Anissa Jones auditioned for the role of Regan, but she was rejected.
In the soundtrack liner notes for Wages of Fear (1977), William Friedkin said had he heard the music of Tangerine Dream earlier, he would have had them score this film.
Cameo William Peter Blatty: The writer of the novel can be seen in the film during the filming scene, standing next to Burke Dennings with a large moustache and wearing a moleskin jacket.
Elinore Blair: The nurse who comes into Dr. Taney’s office after the arteriogram is Linda Blair’s mother.
The demon that possesses Regan MacNeil is named Pazuzu in the script, but this name is never mentioned in any cut of the film. During the film Pazuzu lies to Father Damien Karras claiming to be the Devil/Satan. Conversations with Father Lankester Merrin show this claim to be false.
The "Exorcist steps", 75 (or 74 – one is very small) stone steps at the end of M Street in Georgetown, were padded with 1/2"-thick rubber to film the death of Father Karras. The stuntman tumbled down the stairs twice. Georgetown University students charged people around each to watch the stunt from the rooftops.
The sound of the demon leaving Regan’s body is actually the sound of pigs being herded for slaughter.
The entire exorcism scene, from start to end, lasts 9 minutes.
Besides Mercedes McCambridge’s lawsuit for credit on the film, Eileen Deitz also charged that she played the role of the demon during the exorcism scene. Director William Friedkin denies this, and has cited that Deitz’s actual screen time is less that one minute, as she served as little more than a body double for Linda Blair. Nevertheless, Deitz, as of 2014, continues to promote herself as "Captain Howdy," the demon from this film, in interviews and at horror conventions around the world.
Image from page 230 of “Annual catalogue of the teachers and students [serial]” (1913)
Title: Annual catalogue of the teachers and students [serial]
Year: 1913 (1910s)
Authors: Scotia Women’s College Presbyterian Church in the U.S.A. Board of Missions for Freedmen
Subjects: Scotia Women’s College Scotia Women’s College Christian education of girls African American teachers African Americans
Publisher: Philadelphia, Pa. : Presbyterian Board of Missions for Freedmen
Contributing Library: University Library, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
Digitizing Sponsor: University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
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ieties to provide at least partial scholarships, and in thisway assist in extending this very important line of our churchwork. 34 Scotia Seminary, Concord, N. C. ROLL OF STUDENTS HIGHER COURSE THIRD YEARRosa Gray Goldsboro SECOND YEAR Helen B. Bampfield Charlotte Marie A. Davis Salisbury-Bessie L. Dortch Goldsboro Mamie L. Harlee Darlington, S. C. Minnie B. Jones McConnellsville, S. C. Mary S. Robertson , Salisbury Irene E. Rogers Graham FIRST YEAR Arie Bampfield Charlotte Bessie Burton Statesville Felicia D. Miller Goldsboro Hephzibah Smith Americus, Ga. Vivian E. Young Irmo, S. C. SEMINARY FOURTH YEAR Marylee Adams Anderson, S. C. Margaret G. Ayers Chester, S. C. Helen L. Batch Monongahela, Pa. Hulah E. Battle Rocky Mount Helen Clement Cleveland, N. C. Bernice Lucille Creswell – Charlotte Bayetta B. Dent Louisburg Georgia H. Eichelberger Newberry, S. C. Lula M. Gunn Danville, Va. Maude D. Harris Newell Lena Jason Porto Rico Anna Louise Johnson Concord Geraldine E. Johnson Charlotte
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Forty-Sixth Annual Catalog 35 Mabel Lillian Leeper Kings Mountain Ethel M. Mack Johns Island, S. C. Mary J. Mack Atlanta, Ga. Jessie M. A. Maultsby Wilson Louise M. Spencer Concord Lula Mae Spence Newnan, Ga. Jannie Henrietta Walker Reidsville Esther L. Wentz Winston-Salem THIRD YEAR Roberta Attles Chester, S. C. Creola A. Bernhardt Salisbury Hattie Boykin Sanford Ruth Coakley Walterboro, S. C. Edna Odessa Creswell Charlotte Nora E. Dockery Morven Annie E. Dunn Fayetteville Jannie G. Dunn Fayetteville Lillian M. Ensley Thomasville Helen Kathryn Fields Cairo, 111. Rozenia Elizabeth Hemphill Blackstock, S. C. Lucille Howard Bryn Mawr, Pa. Eliza Humphrey Dallas Rose G. Leary Charlotte Ona Belle Melton Charlotte Hattie Blanche McCall Gastonia Novella Elizabeth McCrorey Charlotte Alethea McGill Summerville, S. C. Beatrice E. McCoy Darlington, S. C. Isabel McKoy Sumter, S. C. Gladys L. B. Newman Monongahela, Pa. Juanita Owens Lodge, S. C. Rosa A. Patterson Oswalt, S. C. Eliza Patton Roanoke
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